Why Shimla Agreement Failed


The Delhi Convention on the Repatriation of War Internees and Civilians is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister for Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan. [9] [10] [11] The actual negotiations began on June 28, 1972 and lasted five days, with India sticking to the Dhar approach, in which India`s return of prisoners of war and occupied territories was part of a set of permanent agreements on the formal definition of the border in Kashmir. At the opening session on June 28, Dhar made it clear that the conclusion of a peace agreement was an “essential” precondition for the repatriation of prisoners of war. On June 29, he was looking for a clear framework. Instead, he expressed his willingness to meet with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in India to develop a “completely new relationship with India.” What the Simla Accord did not allow India to achieve could very well have been achieved thanks to the Delhi Accord of 1973, which was signed by India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. .

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